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Somalia has opted for a federal system of government with two levels of government, namely the Federal and Federal Member State with local government under the jurisdiction of the State (Art. 48 of the Provisional Constitution).

Local governments are drivers for sustaining peace, building state legitimacy & democracy, service delivery, and essential for stabilization. More effective local governance systems that are responsive to people’s needs and aspirations, inclusive and resilient to the crisis have an important role in delivering improved quality of life, reducing inequalities, and forming resilient state-society relationships based on a shared understanding of respective roles and responsibilities.

Operating in a federal context requires coherence and coordination at all levels of government, and the program works within a number of national and international frameworks. The Provision Constitution of the Federal Republic of Somalia, Somalia National Development Plan (NDP), National Wadajir Framework, National Local Governments Law (Law No. 116), and National Stabilization Strategy are the key overall framework in which the Somali Local Governance operates and target interventions which provides strategic guidance to the program interventions.

Goal: Strengthen the coordination and impact of the local governance in Somalia


The primary objective of local governance is improved good governance, service delivery with a highly decentralized system through participatory, accountable and transparent local government, and effectively utilizing the limited resources available at the national, state and local government levels. The other objective of Somalia Local Governance is to strengthen and improve the service delivery to the Somali people and the impact of the local governance in Somalia.


The key achievement that has been achieved so far include but not limited to:

  • Number of national and state-level policies, frameworks, laws & legal acts, guidelines, manuals, options papers and systems has been achieved.  
  • National and state-level Local Governance Coordination mechanisms have been achieved.
  • Human and Financial capacity at the national, state and district levels are improved.
  • Access to basic social services such as health, water, and education is also improved
  • Women’s participation in local governance, especially district council members is empowered and improved.

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